Sports products are highly regulated and golf balls are no exception. However, the dimpled cover for a golf ball is unrestricted in terms of the shape, size, depth and quantity of dimples per ball. Golf ball covers are usually injection moulded using thermoplastic materials; eg DuPont's Surlyn. If it were possible to 3D Print a golf ball cover over a synthetic rubber core using an appropriate thermoplastic. It would open the door for every golfer to design and manufacture their own golf balls. As golf balls have a relatively small diameter and cover thickness minimal, the amount of material used and hence cost should be reasonable.

Please get in touch if you think you can 3D Print a golf ball cover in a single piece over a synthetic rubber core. You might just start a revolution.



Textiles are full of chemicals, an undisputed fact. Chemicals are treated and regulated on an individual basis, and yet when two or more substances combine, their toxicity can be fundamentally changed. Here is just one example;
A dose of mercury that would kill 1 out of 100 rats, mixed with a dose of lead that would kill 1 out of 1000 rats, would kill every rat exposed.

You may think that your sportswear wouldn’t contain such toxic substances such as mercury and lead, but you would be wrong. They do, it’s just that the brands do not inform consumers about any of the chemicals they use to make your clothes. We previously published a list of restricted substances from a leading sportswear brand.
And none of these chemical cocktails are tested, unless you consider yourself as a guinea pig.

You may think that such chemicals are only used in very low doses and you would be correct. We used to think that a little dose of a poison would do a little bit of harm, and a big dose would do a lot of harm. But the new science shows that exposure to even tiny amounts of chemicals can have significant impacts on our health.

We are exposed to chemicals all day, every day in a multitude of consumer products. This cumulative exposure could mean at some point your body reaches a tipping point. The generations born from 1970 on are the first to be raised in a truly toxified world.

What should we do? As consumers we should demand brands provide a list of all the chemicals they use in the finished products they supply to us.

Regulators should begin to test mixtures of chemicals and provide additional information and regulations to limit the use of the most harmful combinations.

The chemicals used in textiles are real. Given the amount of time we spend surrounded by fabrics they contribute towards the hazardous challenges to our bodies.

We deserve to know what chemicals we’re eating, drinking and putting on our skins. Just tell us.
Ref: Oecotextiles



Because of its unique lattice cover design, Golf Refugees ball will have deeper dimples than traditional solid covered balls, which in theory should produce a lower ball trajectory.
We are talking with The Royal College of Art to create initial 3D Printed lattice cover prototypes.
This colour combination was inspired by Matisse; blue core with light blur number 3 and yellow lattice cover.

#golfrefugees #latticecover #golfball



Proposed new ball design by Golf Refugees using a 3D Printed (or moulded) 'lattice' ridges only dimpled cover in yellow over a black core with a red number 3.
#golfrefugees #latticecover #blackgolfball



What would happen instead of moulding a typical solid white dimpled cover over a golf ball core, you 3D Printed just the ridges of the dimples to create a ‘lattice’ cover which allowed the core to be visible through the structure?

This picture depicts a black colour core with a proposed 3D Printed white dimpled ridges only cover by Golf Refugees. Also shown is a yellow printed number ‘3’, which would have to be printed onto the core and be partially obscured when the lattice cover is applied.

How would this golf ball perform with this type of cover? Would the cover which uses considerably less material be strong enough to withstand repeated impacts? How would the distance and trajectory be affected?

I guess there's only one way to find out.
#golfrefugees #latticecover #blackgolfball



We’re increasingly living in a digital world where millions of images are uploaded and shared across multiple platforms every day. Reading in The Guardian today there are over 455 eco-labels across industry categories from energy, food to clothing and household cleaners. Understandably is it confusing for consumers and yet there is no ‘sweatshop’ label where most of our clothing is made. To be helpful we have created a digital sweatshop badge for you to use and enhance any picture of your favourite sport star that are paid handsomely to wear and promote apparel manufactured in this appalling way.



Good article in the Telegraph describing the slipping dress standards of spectators at Wimbledon and at the same time applauding the enforcement of the strict white dress code for players. Now, I don’t have a problem with an ‘all white’ look, though for me wearing white knickers on show in a highly stressful environment may not be the most practical colour. However, my main gripe is the shear shallowness of todays and yesterdays definition of a ‘dress code’. At Wimbledon it only matters that players wear white, even when their white sportswear is made in Asian sweatshops, where young female textile workers are treated appallingly in terms of pay and conditions. It also doesn't matter if the white sports apparel is manufactured in the most polluting manner as long as in the end it still looks white. What kind of a dress code is that?

Let’s have a new dress code defined for the 21 st Century, which takes into consideration how the apparel is made.

As for spectators at Wimbledon, personally I’d rather wear a natural fibre, ethically made carbon neutral t-shirt than any sweatshop attire.